In September the Greeks defeated the Persians at the naval Battle of Salamis , which led to the rapid retreat of Xerxes. In essence, the Oracle’s warning was that either Sparta would be conquered and left in ruins, or one of her two hereditary kings must sacrifice his life to save her. The remaining Persian army, left under the charge of Mardonius, was defeated at Plataea by a combined Greek army again led by the Spartans, under the regent Pausanias. Frank Miller wrote and illustrated with Lynn Varley a comic book called about the battle, and the last stand of the Spartans. At the time it consisted of a pass so narrow two chariots could barely move abreast–one side stood the sheer side of the mountain, while the other was a cliff drop into the sea. The Greek states held back from sending the full force of their armies, however, citing religious reasons. However, even the Immortals lacked the power to break the Spartan phalanx and they were forced to retreat, their numbers decimated.
After watching his troops fall before the Greeks, Xerxes decided to send his legendary Immortals , so named for their fierce fighting and impenetrable line. The Oracle is said to have made the following prophecy in hexameter verse:. The Greeks deployed themselves in a phalanx , essentially an almost impenetrable wall of overlapping shields and layered spearpoints, which spanned the entire width of the pass. The Persians, with arrows and short spears, could not break through the long spears of the Greek phalanx, nor were their lightly armed and armoured men a match for the vastly superior armour and weaponry of the better trained and equipped hoplites. The remaining Persian army, left under the charge of Mardonius, was defeated at Plataea by a combined Greek army again led by the Spartans, under the regent Pausanias. Housman wrote a poem called The Oracles which can be found in his book Last Poems the last verse of which is:. In essence, the Oracle’s warning was that either Sparta would be conquered and left in ruins, or one of her two hereditary kings must sacrifice his life to save her. Frank Miller wrote and illustrated with Lynn Varley a comic book called about the battle, and the last stand of the Spartans.
The battle is also referred to in the context of the Vietnam war in the film Go Tell the Spartans A movie based on this novel is planned.
A contingent of Thespiansled by Demophilusstayed as well in a suicidal effort to delay the advance. Whenever one would fall, another would quickly fill the gap in the ranks. There is an epitaph on a monument at site of the battle with Simonides ‘s epigrampox can be found in Herodotus’s work The Histories 7.
Leonidas’ body was later cut down and returned to the Spartans, where he was buried with full honours. Bitka kod Termopila it: Leonidas also had termoopilami force of Thebansbut after some fighting they defected to the Persians.
Spartan () – Filmweb
fjlm Retrieved from ” https: The legend of Thermopylae, as told by Herodotus, has it that Sparta consulted the Oracle at Delphi before setting out to meet the Persian army. After watching his troops fall before the Greeks, Xerxes decided to send his legendary Immortalsso named for their fierce fighting and impenetrable line. Battles of the Greco-Persian Wars. The Oracle is said to have made the following prophecy in hexameter verse:. Fearing an uprising of their huge slave population, and fearful of going to war before the conclusion of the Carneia festival, the deeply superstitious Spartans contributed only a small force of hopliteshand-picked and commanded by King Leonidas.
When the body of Leonidas was recovered by the Persians, Xerxes, in a rage at the loss of so many of his soldiers, ordered that the head be cut off, and the body crucified. The mutilation of a corpse, even one of the enemy, carried a termopilammi social stigma for the Persians, and it was an act that Xerxes was said to have deeply regretted afterwards.
The simultaneous naval Battle of Artemisium was a draw, whereupon the Greek or terjopilami accurately, Athenian navy retreated.
This battle, along with Sogdian Rock and similar actions, is used in military academies around the world to show how a small group of well-trained and well-led soldiers can have an impact out of all proportion to their numbers. After the second day a Greek named Ephialtes defected to the Persians and informed Xerxes of a separate path through Thermopylae, which the Persians could use to surround the Greeks and defeat them.
Leonidas realized that further fighting would be futile. This page was last modified Xerxes did not believe such a small force would oppose him, and gave the Greeks three or four days to retreat. A confederate alliance of Greek city-states termopi,ami quickly formed, headed by the militaristic Sparta, whose supremely disciplined warriors fillm trained from birth to be amongst the best soldiers in the world at folm time.
Meanwhile, the Persian army was growing restless, and Xerxes sent his troops into the pass with hellish results.
While a technical victory for the Persians, the enormous casualties caused by a few thousand Greeks was a significant blow to the Persian army. In essence, the Oracle’s warning was that either Sparta would be conquered and left in ruins, or one of her two hereditary kings must sacrifice his life to save her. On August 11 he dismissed all but the Spartans, who had already resigned themselves to fighting to the death.
While these are certainly exaggerations, it is clear the Greeks were enormously outnumbered. The Persians, never to return to Greece, termopioami soon to fall under the shadow of Alexander the Great.
The Greeks deployed themselves in a phalanxessentially an almost impenetrable wall of overlapping shields and layered spearpoints, which spanned fil, entire width of the pass. In September the Greeks defeated the Persians at the naval Battle of Salamiswhich led to the rapid retreat of Xerxes.
Battle of Thermopylae
In BC the army and navy of Xerxes arrived in Asia Minor and built a bridge of ships across the Hellespont at Abydos to march his troops ;od. The Phocians offered a brief resistance before fleeing, and the Persians advanced unopposed. Biywa the path was a series of three “gates,” and at the center gate a short wall was hastily erected by the Greek army to aid in their defense. Likewise, it significantly boosted the resolve of the Greeks to face the Persian onslaught.
Greek morale was high.
Though vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held termopipami the Persian advance until a defector informed the Persians of an alternate route, leading to the defeat of the Greek army and the sacking of Athens. Although the Greeks killed many Persians, including two of Xerxes’ brothers, Leonidas was eventually killed, along with all of his men. Because of its defensible terrain, the mountain pass of Thermopylaethe “Hot Gates”, was chosen as the site of battle.
Battle of Thermopylae – Academic Kids
The Persians were initially astounded upon seeing the Spartans oiling themselves and performing calisthenics, po understanding its ritual significance, performed by men with the resolution to fight to the end.
Knowing the likely outcome of the battle, Leonidas selected his men on one simple criteria: Gates Of Fire by Steven Pressfield is a largely accurate telling of the story from the eyes of Xeones, a fictional Spartan warrior who makes his stand at Thermopylae. This page has been accessed times.